Robina 7 Day Doctors and Acupuncture recommends this video on Acne:

Acne is caused by inflammation of the hair follicles.  Treatments are applied to the face, back and chest Features include blackheads, whiteheads, pimples (zits) and cysts. In severe cases, acne may lead to permanent scarring.

Unfortunately, acne hits people at a time when they most want to look their best. Acne can make teenagers feel embarrassed and bad about themselves.

There are multiple treatments available for acne over the counter from pharmacies. The most effective of these contain benzyl peroxide, which is an antiseptic. It works to prevent new pimples from forming and in general, the benefits are first seen after six to eight weeks of daily use.

Your family doctor can also prescribe retinoid creams, antibiotic creams or antibiotic tablets, which also work to prevent new pimples from forming. In general, the benefits are first seen after six to eight weeks of daily use. They can be used together with benzyl peroxide creams.

If you are concerned about skin problems or skin care, you should talk to your doctor  for information about possible treatments.

Suggestions to manage acne include:

  • Cleansing – using cleansers specifically developed for acne-prone skin can help. Try washing the affected areas twice per day. Don’t overdo it. Too much cleansing can cause other skin problems, such as dryness or skin irritations.
  • Make up – choose water-based, oil-free products where possible to avoid worsening acne by clogging the pores with oils or powder. Make up should be thoroughly removed before going to bed.
  • Don’t squeeze – picking and squeezing pimples can make them worse and lead to scarring.
  • Diet – there is some weak evidence that a low-GI diet may help some people with acne.

Medical treatments are topical or oral and can include:

  • retinoids, which unblock pores of existing acne and prevent new blockages from developing
  • antibiotics to kill bacteria and reduce inflammation
  • spironolactone can also be used with antibiotics for hormonal acne in females.
  • hormonal agents, such as the contraceptive pill, to reduce the amount of androgen in the body and therefore oil secretion.

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