Here is a video on Osteoporosis Signs and Symptoms from
Robina 7 Day Doctors and Acupuncture
Osteoporosis literally means ‘bones with holes’. It occurs when bones lose minerals such as calcium more quickly than the body can replace them. They become less dense, lose strength and break more easily. If you have signs of osteoporosis, lifestyle changes and medical treatment can prevent further bone loss and reduce your risk of bone fractures.
Osteoporosis causes no specific pain or symptoms. However, it does increase the risk of serious or debilitating fractures. If you think you may be at risk of developing osteoporosis, see your doctor.
There are many risk factors for osteoporosis, some of which you cannot change, such as being female, and having a direct relative who has had an osteoporotic fracture.
Other risk factors include:
- inadequate amounts of dietary calcium
- low vitamin D levels
- cigarette smoking
- alcohol intake of more than two standard drinks per day
- caffeine intake of more than three cups of coffee or equivalent per day
- lack of physical activity
- early menopause (before the age of 45)
Both men and women can take steps from a young age to prevent osteoporosis by making sure that they:
- have a healthy and varied diet with plenty of fresh fruit, vegetables and whole grains
- eat calcium-rich foods
- absorb enough vitamin D
- avoid smoking
- limit alcohol consumption
- limit caffeine
- do regular weight-bearing and strength-training activities.
There is no standard treatment for osteoporosis. Your treatment will depend on your specific needs. Generally, your overall risk of fracture will help your doctor to decide on the best course of treatment for you.
As well as diet and lifestyle changes, your doctor may recommend medication. The options may include:
- bisphosphonates – bone cells are created and broken down in a constant cycle. Bisphosphonates encourage bone density by slowing the breakdown process and are commonly used in Australia to treat osteoporosis in men and women
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